When people ask the inevitable question “what was the best year of your life?” I usually respond “24”: the year that I went backpacking in Australia. Good god, was that an amazing time.

The memories that I have from the 7-8 months that I spent both working and backpacking in Australia are some of the fondest that I have. It was such a positive experience for me both as a traveler and as a maturing adult. I learned how to succeed in a foreign nation and, most importantly, more about myself.

Choosing to go backpacking in Australia is a brilliant idea.

Learn how to surf on some the finest beaches in the world. Work and play in the bush or one of the many eclectic cities. See what all the fuss is about the Outback. All this and more is possible when you travel to Australia.

With this travel guide for Australia, you’ll have everything that you could need to start your adventure.

Time to head down under!

John Forrest National Park
G’day, Australia!

Why Go Backpacking in Australia?

Australia is a huge country with tons of things to do and see! From sailing around the Whitsunday Islands to diving in the Great Barrier Reef to road-tripping just about anywhere, Australia’s got it all.

It’s also considered a rite of passage for any backpacker to end up in Australia. We all have that friend who went for a year’s working holiday and ended up staying forever…why do you think that is?

The country itself is beautiful and there are so many different types of landscapes and wildlife, from croc-infested wetlands to sparse deserts and dense rainforests.

But more than that, Australia has some of the kindest, most welcoming people. Anyone who visits Australia feels completely at ease. There’s a relaxed vibe here. It can’t be described, you just have to go and find out for yourself.

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    Best Travel Itineraries for Backpacking Australia

    Below is a list of five travel itineraries for backpacking Australia. They vary from 10 days to 3 months in length and cover the majority of the must-see places in Australia.

    If you’re worried about finding accommodation during your travels, don’t be. There are a lot of epic hostels all over Australia, offering a safe place to rest your head, great hospitality, and a chance to meet like-minded travellers and make new friends.

    Australia 10-Day Backpacking Itinerary: Tassie

    Australia 10 Day Backpacking Itinerary
    1.Hobart, 2.Freycinet, 3.St Helens, 4.Devenport, 5.Cradle Mountain, 6.Strahan, 7.Hobart

    This is the best itinerary for tackling a Tasmanian road trip! You can travel in either direction or pick a city — other than the capital city of Tasmania, Hobart — to begin your route.

    Starting in Hobart, the capital of Tasmania. This is the capital city and it’s best known for its port which is the gateway to the Arctic. It’s not a very interesting city, to say the least, so you’ll only want to spend a day or so getting orientated before moving on to the next destination, Freycinet National Park.

    What’s most notable about Freycinet is the pink granite peaks, the private bays, and white sand beaches. It’s a great place to relax and enjoy some peaceful nature and wildlife.

    Wineglass Bay, Freycinet

    Once you have had your fill of Freycinet, head over to St Helens, another big port city known for its deep-sea fishing. If you enjoy fishing, you’ll love it here. It’s also a good spot for diving enthusiasts, or if you just fancy lazing by the beach, the Bay of Fires is pretty epic.

    Next up, is Devenport. This city is often overlooked by tourists as it’s just another port city, but because it’s so quiet you can really get a feel for Tasmanian culture.

    Then, you’ll want to head to Cradle Mountain, the best place to visit in Tasmania for wildlife. Here you’ll see epic landscapes and also (if you’re lucky) Tasmanian devils, quolls, platypus, echidna, wombats, and the black currawong.

    Once you’ve had enough nature, head over to Strahan, the gateway to the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area and Franklin–Gordon Wild Rivers National Park.

    Once you’ve had enough of Strahan, head back to Hobart to head home.

    Australia 2-Week Backpacking Itinerary: Sydney to Adelaide

    Australia 2 Week Backpacking Itinerary
    1.Sydney, 2.Canberra, 3.Melbourne, 4.Great Ocean Road, 5.Adelaide

    See the best of Australia’s metropolis cities on this 2-week itinerary around the southeast coast! Starting in Sydney, the capital of Australia and home to iconic landmarks such as the Sydney Opera House and the Harbour Bridge. You could spend a couple of days getting lost in Sydney and enjoying some of the epic beaches nearby.

    Need help deciding between Sydney or Melbourne? Check out our helpful guide.

    Then, make your way south towards Melbourne stopping for a visit to Canberra. Canberra is a huge city that is most known for its government offices. Personally, I don’t see it as somewhere to spend more than a day, but the journey from Sydney to Melbourne is long so it’s a good place to rest up on the way.

    The iconic tram of Melbourne!

    Departing from Melbourne, you’ll travel along the sublime Great Ocean Road and earn glimpses of the stunning 13 Apostles and the Great Otway. The Ocean Road is simply breathtaking.

    It takes a few days to drive the Ocean Road to Adelaide, so I suggest breaking it up. I suggest stopping at Port Fairy for a night and getting some rest here – it’s a small seaside town with not much to see.

    There’s also a really great fish and chip shop here called Morriss Road Fish Shop and I had a great bacon cheeseburger…when in Australia!

    After spending a few days traveling on this road you’ll get to Adelaide, Australia’s most relegated and unknown big city.

    Adelaide is a hidden gem that is just waiting to be discovered! This city is saturated with artists, amazing beaches, and tons of wine. After getting your fill here, grab a plane back to Sydney and head home.

    Australia 3-Week Backpacking Itinerary: The East Coast

    Australia 3 Week Backpacking Itinerary
    1.Sydney, 2.Byron Bay, 3.Noosa, 4.Fraser Island, 5.Whitsundays, 6.Townsville, 7.Cairns

    This is the best itinerary for tackling an East Coast Australia road trip!

    First things first, for this itinerary, you are definitely going to need a car. It’s going to be a nightmare without it! For suggestions on hiring a vehicle, scroll down to the Getting Around section of this guide.

    Starting in Sydney, you should spend at least 1-2 days exploring. Take a day trip out to see the Blue Mountains National Park and marvel at the Sydney Harbour Bridge (or climb it, if you’re not afraid of heights).

    Byron Bay…surfers paradise!

    After Sydney, it’s a long drive to Byron Bay, the most famous beach in Australia and a hot spot for surfers. Personally, I found it a little crowded and underwhelming. I would spend one or two days recuperating from the drive here and then head on to Brisbane.

    Brisbane is a city that doesn’t get enough hype. I loved Brisbane and I cannot explain why. It’s just got a cool vibe and the nearby gold coast is simply stunning. I suggest spending 1-2 days in Brisbane, but no one would blame you if you wanted to stay longer.

    Next, you’re gonna drive to Noosa, a world-famous surfing destination. If you don’t like surfing, you can also go hiking in the Noosa National Park and rock climb some cliffs. You could spend 2-3 days here exploring all the nature.

    Next, you’re going to head to Fraser Island. This unspoiled island is a nature reserve and it’s definitely worth staying actually on the island if you can afford it. You’ll also find plenty of yoga retreats in this area.

    You can’t swim in the ocean, but I tell you, you won’t want to because you can see whales swimming in the ocean right from the shoreline! Make sure to check out the abandoned shipwreck too.

    Ahh, the Whitsundays…

    After 2 days on Fraser Island, head to the Whitsundays, my favourite spot on the East Coast. The Whitsunday islands are untouched nature reserves, and you can only access most beaches by boat. This is a ‘take only photographs, leave only footprints’ kind of beach.

    The sand is pure white and the ocean is a dazzling blue. You’ll never see anything like it. You could even look at it from up in the clouds by taking a Whitsundays and Heart Reef 1 hour scenic flight. You’ll see the kaleidoscopic colours of the great barrier reef from a guaranteed window seat too.

    Next up, is Townsville. The actual town isn’t that impressive, but people often stop here to go to Magnetic Island. It’s also a great place to stop if you like diving and want to explore the Great Barrier Reef.

    Finally, you’ll get to Cairns. This is one of the coolest cities in Australia, in my opinion. It’s surrounded by rainforests, and expansive beaches and has a cool surfer town vibe. Spend a few days chilling out here and then fly back to Sydney.

    Australia 4-Week Backpacking Itinerary: The West Coast and the Red Center

    Australia 4 Week Backpacking Itinerary
    1.Adelaide, 2.Alice Springs, 3.Darwin, 4.Broome, 5.Exmouth, 6.Perth, 7.Adelaide

    Got a month of free time? You lucky duck! How about spending a month backpacking in the Outback on this backpacking route for Australia! Visit its top destinations like the mighty Uluru, the Kimberly, and the Nullarbor!

    Also this itinerary takes you to three of Australia’s most remote cities: Adelaide, Darwin, and Perth. There’s a little of everything on this itinerary.

    Starting in Adelaide, the most underrated city in Australia. You could spend a day or two wandering around this epic city. It’s also the gateway to the outback, as from here you can catch the iconic Ghan train to Darwin. The train takes 24 hours to go from Adelaide to Darwin, but not in one hit.

    The landscape of Alice Springs is unlike anywhere else…

    It stops off in Alice Springs, a large town in the middle of the bright red desert. You should spend at least 3-5 days here and really get into your adventurous spirit.

    After you’ve had your fill of Alice Springs, take the Ghan North to Kimberly, another settlement on the way to Darwin best known for its vast wilderness. In amongst the desert, you’ll find gorges and croc-filled pools. You won’t need more than a day here, before heading the rest of the way to Darwin.

    What many people don’t know about Darwin is that it has some of the most incredible sunsets in all of Australia. This coastal city has a relaxed, hippy-ish vibe and is where you want to base yourself if you want to learn about aboriginal history since it’s the closest spot to Kakadu National Park.

    Kakadu, I love you!

    After 2-3 days in Darwin, head over to Broome, a beach resort town just West of Darwin. Here you could spend a few days bathing on the beaches that line the Indian Ocean, including on the 22km-long white sand beach, Cable Beach. You can also venture out into the wilderness or go looking for some dinosaur tracks at Gantheaume Point.

    I recommend staying around 3 days in Broome to see all the sights and to really unwind a little. After that, head over to Exmouth, another resort town with pristine beaches and glistening blue waters. Here is the best place to explore the Ningaloo Marine Park which is full of thriving coral reefs and migratory whale sharks.

    A majestic whale shark in it’s natural habitat in Exmouth

    Perth is a huge city with tons of character. It’s a great place to base yourself to explore nearby beaches and wildlife. The city is worth spending a few days in, before flying back to Adelaide to finish your trip.

    Having a car for the Darwin-Perth leg of this Australian itinerary would be very beneficial. Be sure to book your rental car before arriving to ensure you get the best price and your choice of car. Airport rentals can sometimes be the cheapest FYI.

    Australia 3-Month Backpacking Itinerary: The Land Down Under

    Australia 3 Month Backpacking Itinerary
    1.Cairns, 2.Brisbane, 3.Sydney, 4.Melbourne, 5.Adelaide, 6.Alice Springs, 7.Darwin, 8.Exmouth, 9.Perth

    See everything that Australia has to offer! Surf in Queensland, dive at the Ningaloo Reef, trek in Kakadu National Park; all of this and more is possible on this epic road trip through Australia!

    This route for backpacking Australia is pretty big, taking approximately 2-3 months to complete. It’s highly recommended that you actually buy your own car in order to complete this. With your own vehicle, you’ll have complete freedom and be able to accomplish this Australian itinerary in any way that you see fit.

    This itinerary basically combines all the itineraries you’ve seen above, with the addition of a few small-town stops in between. I suggest taking these itineraries slow and really taking your time. If you like a place, stop for a while. Or you even try volunteering for a week or so.

    Places to Visit in Australia

    As you can imagine, a country as vast as Australia is full of unique places to visit. Some cities are spangly and new, like Sydney and Melbourne, and others feel as old as aboriginal times.

    There is so much to unpack and discover that I can give you my favourite places to go in Australia, but inevitably you’ll discover your own hidden gems.

    Let’s take a look at the absolute must-see places in Australia!

    gold coast australia
    Sums the country up.
    Photo: Petra (Flickr)

    Backpacking the East Coast of Australia

    The East Coast of Australia, consisting of the states of New South Wales and Queensland, is the most popular backpacking route in Australia! The East Coast has some of the best infrastructure, greatest thrills, and most beautiful places in Australia.

    No trip to Australia is complete without a stop in this amazing part of the country.

    Traveling the 1500 miles from the ever-enchanting Sydney to Cairns will afford travelers lots of adventurous opportunities. You’ll navigate ancient jungles, go walking in the bush, and (of course) visit Australia’s damn fine beaches.

    Some other highlights of backpacking the East Coast of Australia include camping on Fraser Island, sailing among the picturesque Whitsunday Islands, and diving at the Great Barrier Reef.

    sydney harbor bridge australia
    Sydney Harbor.

    There is so much to do and see on the East Coast of Australia that we at Broke Backpacker had to create a separate East Coast backpacking travel guide to do it justice!

    Those interested in backpacking around this part of Australia should best refer to our informative guide where I break down heaps pertaining to New South Wales, Queensland, and everything in between. This includes the usual subjects like Accommodation, Itineraries, and How to Get Around.

    Note that this guide will also cover locations that are not bound to the coast including the Atherton Tablelands and the Outback. You gotta see the desert while backpacking Australia even if you intend on being a beach bum 99% of the time.

    Backpacking Canberra

    Canberra is the federal capital of Australia and has a bit of rap for being boring as hell. Famously, one former prime minister wouldn’t even live there when he was in office (though he denied any feeling any revulsion to the place). Truthfully, Canberra really isn’t that bad so long as you know what you’re getting yourself into.

    Canberra is a planned community that was designed to be a “garden city.” For this reason, Canberra has an extensive amount of parkland, national monuments, and cultural centers. At the center of everything is the large and artificial Lake Burley Griffin, which acts as a sort of reference point.

    Around the lake are Canberra’s most prominent landmarks including both Parliament Houses (the old and new ones), the hallowed Australian War Memorial, and several museums and galleries. The National Museum of Australia, National Gallery, and National Portrait Gallery are all fine cultural centers worth visiting.

    canberaa parliamentary buildings australia
    One of Canberra’s Parliament buildings.
    Photo: JJ Harrison (WikiCommons)

    The best way to get around Canberra is by walking or biking. Thanks in part to abundant greenery and lack of traffic, these modes of getting around can be quite enjoyable. Take note that Canberra is still quite spread out so getting around on foot may take longer than anticipated.

    If you find Canberra’s parklands insufficient, then there are plenty more pastoral sights outside of the city. Namadgi National Park is the northernmost section of the Australian Alps and has lots of outdoor activities. Mountain biking, in particular, is very popular around Namadgi and the highlands of Canberra.

    Ultimately, Canberra is a fine city to visit for a weekend. Those backpacking around Australia should come here for the bucolic scenery and small-town lifestyle.

    Backpacking Melbourne

    Sydney’s greatest rival is the super dynamic and culturally superior Melbourne. Melbourne is the former federal capital city and, for this reason, was once the center of all things Australian.

    Melbourne lead the way in economics, art, sports, you name it until Sydney rose and began to challenge it. Backpacking Melbourne is an incredible and interesting experience.

    Melbourne is a huge city with multiple districts. Most of the top things to do in Melbourne are found around the city center – in the CBD and Southbank. The CBD is buzzing constantly with action as here are some of the best cafes, bars, restaurants, and cultural sites in the city.

    Flinders Street Station acts as the central nervous system of Melbourne and provides transport to any and all of the metropolitan area. Very close to the CBD are St. Paul’s Cathedral and Collins Street, the latter of which is very fucking cool.

    Other notable attractions, like the Shrine of Remembrance, Queen Victoria Market, and Federation Square, are all a short walk away from the CBD.

    melbourne at dusk australia

    Further outside of the city center are many more districts that make for great day trips. Carlton is a neighborhood rich with Italian heritage and home to the impressive Museum of Melbourne.

    St Kilda is the premier beach hangout and has a nightlife that is comparable to debaucherous King’s Cross in Sydney. Brighton is where you’ll find the iconic beach huts. Finally, Collingwood and Fitzroy are the favorite hipster hideouts in an already hipster city.

    Backpacking Melbourne‘s pedigree cannot be understated – this is one of the coolest places in Australia. You just have to visit this city and wander amongst its laneways all the while sampling as much music, food, and drink as possible. Be sure to check out some of the best festivals in Australia right here in Melbourne!

    Looking for an epic place to stay in Melbourne? You can book our favorite hostel, the Village.

    Backpacking Adelaide

    Backpacking Adelaide has had to deal with a somewhat dull and undeserving reputation. Just hearing its nickname, “The City of Churches,” leads one to assume that Adelaide is an overly-strict and boring place to be.

    What many don’t realize is that this nickname was never a reference to the city’s piety – conversely, as an ultra-liberal city, Adelaide was a place of many churches and ideologies. In lies Adelaide’s true self: a forward-thinking and supremely eclectic city.

    Adelaide or Radelaide has quietly been one of the best cities in Australia. Here is an amazing art scene, a thriving nightlife, and some of the best city beaches in Australia. Oh, did I mention that this is the wine country of Australia? You can’t throw a boomerang and not hit a winery.

    barossa valley adelaide south australia
    The Barossa Valley.
    Photo: Olivier Colas (WikiCommons)

    Adelaide is a planned city – the first founded by freemen – and is extremely easy to get around. One could easily walk across the whole city proper in an hour or two.

    A tour of Adelaide should definitely include a walk around one of the many surrounding parklands, which includes lovely sights like the River Torres and the Botanic Gardens. For the best food and drink, one needs to look around the likes of Rundle Street, South Hutt Street, and O’Connell Street.

    Adelaide has some of the best city beaches in Australia. Glenelg is a glitzy beach with lots of clubs and cafes. The most beautiful beaches though are found in the southerly suburbs around Brighton, Port Noarlunga, and Aldinga.

    There is wine country everywhere outside of Adelaide. The Clare Valley, McLaren Vale, and Barossa Valley are the most prestigious regions and, between the three of them, produce the majority of Australia’s wine.

    Hahndorf in the Adelaide Hills is another popular pastoral town, known more for its beer and German heritage.

    The Twelve Apostles of the Great Ocean Road.
    The Twelve Apostles of the Great Ocean Road.

    You could fly, but I reckon a road trip from Melbourne is the best and most rewarding way to get here. Driving on the Great Ocean Road is a must-do while backpacking in Australia!

    You’ll see several prominent landmarks and attractions while driving along the 150 miles of the Great Ocean Road. The most famous landmarks here are the Twelves Apostles, which are a group of limestone sea stacks that rise stunningly out of the ocean.

    It’s one of many Great Australian Road Trips, however, it’s one of the best.

    Backpacking Kangaroo Island and the Yorke Peninsula

    Within a day’s drive from Adelaide are the seaside getaways of the Yorke Peninsula, The Fleurieu Peninsula, and Kangaroo Island. Between the three areas, there are over six hundred miles of coastline. Most of these beaches are hardly visited or even touched by any sort of tourist.

    The Yorke Peninsula is to the north of Adelaide. On a map, the Peninsula is easily recognizable due to its distinct shape – like a large tail or a leg.

    Economically, agriculture – not tourism – is the region’s leading enterprise. This has, for the most part, lead to the development of several small rural communities, many of which make for great backpacker bases.

    Popular activities on the Yorke Peninsula include surfing, diving, fishing, and sampling the local produce. The surfing here, in particular, is some of the best in the state. Must-see locations on the Peninsula are Pondalowie Bay, Innes Australia National Park, and Berry Bay.

    Admirals Arch of Kangaroo Island.
    Admirals Arch of Kangaroo Island.

    Kangaroo Island is one of the most popular holiday spots for South Australians and is fairly unknown outside of the state. Located across from the Fleurieu Peninsula, Kangaroo Island is Australia’s third-largest island and an important refuge for several threatened ecosystems.

    With highlands, rugged coastline, and a number of pristine beaches, the natural setting of Kangaroo Island is some of the prettiest in South Australia. Flinders Chase Park, Admirals Arch, and the Remarkable Rocks are among the most splendid sights on the islands and shouldn’t be missed.

    Arriving at Kangaroo Island is a simple matter of taking a short ferry from Cape Jervis. Upon arriving, backpackers will have many lodging options.

    You’ll find most of the hostels in the largest settlement on the island, Kingscote. Utilizing a local farmstay is becoming increasingly popular and many resemble hostels in their offerings.

    Backpacking Uluru and Alice Springs

    Smack dab in the “Red Center” of Australia, leagues away from any other city is Alice Springs; never before has the term “middle of fucking nowhere” been more applicable than with this place.

    Originally an outpost and then a military refuel base, it now serves as a hub for visiting the many desert wonders of the region, including the famous Ayers Rock, which is locally referred to as Uluru.

    Uluru is probably the most recognizable sight in the whole of Australia and for good reason: it’s magnificent. Honestly, words don’t really do this massive red rock justice and the pictures do little either. Uluru is meant to be seen and felt in person; only then will you understand its significance.

    As one local told me: “you stand there staring at (it) and then it begins to pulse; Uluru is the heartbeat of Australia.”

    Ayers Rock Uluru Outback Australia
    Feel it yet?

    Tourists can climb Uluru but the local Aboriginal peoples, who hold the mountain sacred, adamantly request that visitors not take part in this practice. There are other options that are equally as mystical and amazing like the Uluru Stargazing Astro Tour. You’ll get special access to the national park at night, a knowledgeable guide and an epic unfiltered view of the cosmos.

    Many White Australians are now choosing to respect these wishes and you should too; walking around the base of the rock is still plenty enough. NOTE that Uluru isn’t actually very near to Alice Springs either – you’ll have to drive another 6 hours to reach it.

    There are a number of other hikes around Alice Springs aside from Ayers Rock. Kata Tjuta aka the Olgas and Kings Canyon are both definitely worth visiting as well.

    The actual city isn’t much to write home about. Those expecting a weathered and rustic outpost in the middle of the harsh Outback will be upset to hear that the Springs is quite developed.

    This infrastructure comes with a number of positives and negatives too including plenty of awesome Alice Springs hostels, swimming pools, and rampant racial tension, to name an unrelated few.

    Backpacking Darwin

    Darwin is the capital and largest city of the vast and empty Northern Territory. In an otherwise desolate place, Darwin exists today thanks to the booming mining industry and the need to create Asian shipping routes.

    By most standards, Darwin is a small city with very few areas and attractions. The Wharf Precinct, Bicentennial Park, and/or one of the few museums may be worthwhile but that’s about all.

    If I’m being honest here, my impression of Darwin is that it serves primarily as a weekend getaway for pent-up miners and a base for backpackers who are trying to find work. The parties are, predictably, over the top in Darwin as both worker and traveler alike just let loose.

    It’s also the gateway to Kimberly, a vast and wild section of West Coast Australia that borders the Northern Territory – many believe that this region contains the best of Australia’s Outback. With an area roughly equivalent to California and a huge array of natural sites, the Kimberly is a grand Australian adventure.

    kakadu rock pool australia
    Coolin’ off in Kakadu.
    Photo: Adrea Schaffer (WikiCommons)

    The best part about backpacking Darwin is that it’s very close to some of the Outback’s best locations. Should you journey into the bush, bring lots of sunscreen and bug repellent though! You’ll be miserable without them.

    Kakadu National Park is widely considered a staple of the region and is a must-visit for those backpacking Australia. Ubirr, Jim Jim Falls, and the Gunlom Plunge Pool are among the best of Kakadu. Also worth visiting is Litchfield National Park, which is a lovely place full of waterfalls and swimming holes that the locals love to cool off in.

    Further south is the small town of Katherine. Here is the impressive Katherine Gorge, located within the Nitmiluk National Park. Travelers can experience the gorge in many ways from chartering a boat to paddling in a kayak to hiking along the rim on Jatbula Trail. That final option is a 4-5 day one-way hike.

    Backpacking Exmouth and the Ningaloo Reef

    Of a similar vein to Broome is the small community of Exmouth, located on the remote North West Cape. Here are some stunning beaches, awesomely rugged terrain, and, most importantly, one of the most precious ecosystems in Australia: the Ningaloo Reef.

    Like Broome, Exmouth is a quiet beach town that swells in population during the four-month-long tourist season.

    There are the usual civilized amenities here i.e. hotels, restaurants, bars, markets, etc. Exmouth also has a couple of city beaches – Town Beach and Mauritius Beach – but these are kind of lackluster. Eager backpackers ought to head directly to Cape Range and the Ningaloo Reef.

    Cape Range National Park has some of the most beautiful beaches in Australia as well as some great hiking opportunities. All of the beaches of the Cape Range are seemingly perfect with brilliant white sand and crystal clear waters. Some superlative beaches include Turquoise Bay and Sandy Beach.

    whale shark in the ocean
    Hey big guy!
    Photo: Abe Khao Lak (WikiCommons)

    Further inland, Cape Range has some wonderful canyons and gorges that make for great trekking spots. For the most popular hiking trails in the area, visit Charlie Knife Canyon, Yardie Creek Gorge, and Mandu Mandu Gorge.

    Should you go snorkeling around Cape Range, chances are that you’ll stumble upon the beginnings of the majestic Ningaloo Reef.

    The Ningaloo Reef is home to some amazing marine life including whale sharks! The coolest part about this reef though is that it’s very close to the mainland. Unlike the Great Barrier, which is 150 miles from Cairns, you can literally swim (safely) to the Ningaloo Reef from the beach in some places i.e. Coral Bay.

    Having a watercraft will, of course, unlock, more of the Ningaloo Reef. There are a number of sailing companies around Exmouth and Coral Bay though a kayak may be sufficient enough.

    Backpacking Perth

    Perth‘s primary claim to fame is that it is considered one of if not the most isolated major cities in the world.

    It’s probably a good thing though; if Perth were any more accessible then it would definitely be overrun by now. With a booming economy, an extremely pleasant climate, and some of the most beautiful scenery in the whole country, Perth is certainly in the running for “best city to visit in Australia.”

    Aesthetically, Perth is great for backpacking since it’s a very attractive city. The CBD, with its ever-growing skyscrapers, rises elegantly on the banks of the Swan River. From King’s Park, which is very charming in its own right, the cityscape is totally laid out before you and yours to take in.

    Inside the city itself, there are a few tourist sites of note. London Court is a lovely street built in Elizabethan fashion complete with Tudor-style homes and coat-of-arms on the doors; obviously, not the most authentic of attractions but pretty nonetheless!

    Also worth seeing is the redeveloped Elizabeth Quay, which is Perth’s answer to the Sydney Harbor.

    perth skyline golden hour australia
    Perth’s pride and joy.

    For all its beauty, Perth is worth a weekend visit but, to be honest, the best parts are outside of the city anyways. To the north is Northbridge where you’ll find the best eats and nightlife in Perth.

    Adjacent Fremantle is a separate destination in its own right (see the section below) and definitely somewhere worth checking out. From Fremantle, you can book a ferry to the idyllic Rottnest Island for the chance to see the unique quokka and some gorgeous beaches.

    Speaking of beaches, Perth has some of the best in Australia. Scarborough and Cottesloe are the city’s most famous strips of sand. Mullaloo Beach and Pinnaroo Point are lesser-known but absolutely breathtaking.

    Further Reading

    bed iconBook one of the best hostels in Perth.

    backpack iconOr read up on Perth’s best areas.

    Backpacking Tasmania

    Tasmania is Australia’s forgotten state – a bit of an afterthought that only evokes images of Looney Toon characters or barbarous locals it would seem.

    This probably is for the best though as backpacking Tasmania is a true hidden gem. This is a paradise, with fantastic landscapes, eccentric people, and some world-class cuisine. Tasmania is one of the best places in Australia and no one knows about it!

    Tasmania is an island state, separated from the mainland by the Bass Strait. The majority of the population (40%) lives in the Greater Hobart precinct, which serves as the state’s capital city.

    bay of fires tasmania australia
    Bay of Fires in Tasmania.
    Photo: Diego Delso (WikiCommons)

    Despite its separation from the rest of mainland Australia, Hobart is an awesome city carrying a similar vibe to Melbourne. Though not as big, there’s a lively undercurrent of culture to be found in its art and music scenes.

    There are also heaps of awesome backpacker hostels in Hobart, and you’ll definitely meet some like-minded travelers for the onward adventures in Tassie.

    Other settlements of note include Launceston, Bicheno, and Strahan, among other communes of varying sizes. Outside of these urban areas, Tasmania is mostly pristine wilderness, a good chunk of which is protected parkland or heritage site.

    Tasmania is home to some very diverse geography. The interior of the island is very rugged, composed of jagged mountains and thick rainforests.

    The coastline doesn’t disappoint either as there are some beaches and bays here that could easily rival those of the mainland. So varied and stunning are the landscapes here that Tasmania is often referred to as Little New Zealand!

    Getting Off the Beaten Path in Australia

    There’s a lot of nowhere in Australia, which means that there are lots of opportunities to get off the beaten path. With the proper vehicle and supplies, you’ll be able to make your own expeditions into the lesser-visited places of Australia.

    Some off-the-beaten-track locations you must explore are the Mungo National Park, known for its alien rock formations and large dunes, and Lake Eyre, the largest and lowest lake in Australia that changes color depending on the water level and salinity.

    Mungo National Park.

    The Flinders Ranges are home to the Wilpena Pound, a huge, natural amphitheater that has to be seen to be believed. Coober Pedy is an old mining town that is famous for its swellings called “dugouts.”

    The Karijini National Park is where you’ll find elegant gorges and breathtakingly vibrant rock, which makes this one of the most beautiful places in the outback. Speaking of outback, you’ve probably heard of Uluru, but Mount Augustus is the real competitor. It’s larger but less prominent.

    So as you can see, there are a ton of places to visit outside of the conventional. So get ready for some of the longest, bumpiest rides of your life as you go exploring the Australian nowhere!

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    Osprey Aether

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    10 Top Things to Do in Australia

    There are so many things to do in Australia that narrowing it down to just ten of the best was no easy task. However, I do believe that no trip to Australia would be complete without doing the following activities…

    1. Visit Australia’s Outback

    No backpacking trip to Australia would really be authentic without visiting the Outback. This is one of the harshest, most inhospitable landscapes in the world, and one of the defining features of the nation. Some of the most beautiful national parks in Australia, like Karijini, are only to be found in the Red Center as well.

    Rent a 4×4 and go mobbing in the desert!

    blue waterfall surrounded by red mountains in the desert
    The Outback has lots of secrets.
    Photo: NeilsPhotography (Flickr)

    2. Witness Uluru

    Star gazing in Uluru is a must!

    Uluru is a true natural wonder and has to be seen in person. Make the long journey to this shrine of Ares Rock and feel the power that it emits.

    I also recommend taking a camping trip and spending a night sleeping under the stars in a swag bag. Uluru is one of the few places that is not spoilt by city lights and so you’ll see the best night sky of your life here.

    3. Go Sailing in the Whitsunday Islands

    whitsundays whitehaven beach australia
    The best of Queensland: Whitehaven Beach.

    The Whitsunday Islands are absolutely drop-dead gorgeous and are one of the best places in Australia! Sail around the islands and be sure to visit Whitehaven Beach, which is one of the finest in the world. Arlie Beach is also a popular beach in the Whitsundays and is considered to be the gateway to the Great Barrier Reef.

    4. Drink wine in South Australia

    South Australia is the wine country of Australia and produces some of the country’s most highly regarded vintages. Visit one of the many wine regions surrounding Adelaide and try as much as you can!

    5. Dive in the Great Barrier or Ningaloo Reef

    great-barrie-reef-australia-Kyle Taylor-flickr
    Reputation precedes this place.
    Photo: Kyle Taylor (Flickr)

    Both the Great Barrier Reef and Ningaloo Reef are among the most impressive ecosystems known to man. Diving in either one is sure to be an amazing experience. Enter an alien, underwater world, and be sure to have a waterproof camera!

    6. Explore Melbourne

    Melbourne is overflowing with culture. The food, the nightlife, the art, everything here is arguably the best in Australia!

    7. Go surfing

    Surfer’s Paradise and the Gold Coast are good places to start.
    Photo: Petra Bensted (Flickr)

    Surfing is one of Australia’s favorite pastimes and is practically the national sport! Anyone planning on backpacking around Australia simply has to try and get on a board. There’s a beach for every skill level and plenty of Aussie mates who’d love to give a lesson.

    8. Road trip!

    Exploring Australia by car is the truest way to really experience the country. With your own set of wheels, you can go wherever you want and sleep wherever you want. As they say in Australia, “there’s a lot of fuck-all out there” so go and find it!

    I suggest starting with a road trip around Queensland as it is arguably the most popular route in Australia.

    It’s a huge country, so you might not get to see all of it by road trip. Just heading from North to South will take weeks. Choose an area you want to explore the most, whether it’s an east or west coast road trip, and go and explore!

    9. Discover Tasmania

    Tasmania is one of the most beautiful places in Australia! This island is far more rugged than the mainland and is full of spectacular mountains, forests, and coastline. Journey here to see a different side of Australia.

    10. Hike the Beautiful National Parks!

    The beautiful Blue Mountains National Park.

    There are many incredible national parks around the country. The most notable are the Blue Mountains, Nambung National Park, Karijini National Park, and Kakadu National Park.

    Located to the West of Sydney is the epic Blue Mountains National Park. The town of Katoomba is the gateway to the park, and home to the world-famous Echo Point lookout offers panoramic views of Jamison Valley.

    Here you get the best view of the iconic rock formation of the Three Sisters, a sacred Aboriginal site. As well as being an area of outstanding natural beauty, the park has several bushland trails and incredible wildlife.

    The Nambung National Park is most well known for its impressive rock formations in the desert, plus there are some stunning beaches near Kangaroo Point and Hangover Bay.

    Karijini National Park is a vast wilderness in Western Australia, which is most well known for its Weano Gorge, accessible by a hiking trail that leads to Handrail Pool.

    Kakadu National Park is a huge wetland in Northern Australia and the best place to see crocs in their natural habitat.

    Backpacker Accommodation in Australia

    Australia is absolutely chalked full of backpacker lodges and hostels! These are among the best and most entertaining hostels in the entire world. People from every corner of the globe flock to Australia to party and have one of the grandest adventures of their life, be it in a city, on a beach, or in the Outback.

    Australian hostels are of very high quality and are often the recipients of numerous backpacking awards. Most organize lots of events from pub crawls to game nights to communal dinners. There are very few hostels in Australia that I can really speak poorly of (feel free to ask me though).

    stars and milky way over the pinnacles western australia
    Best roof ever.

    Couchsurfing is, of course, a very legitimate means of staying in the Australian cities and is a great way to save some cash. Australians are an extremely welcoming bunch and have no problem inviting you over to their place for chicken parmy and a beer or ten.

    At the end of the day though, the best way to sleep in Australia is by camping, either with a quality backpacking tent or in a campervan. Australia has some of the most pristine and wonderful nature in the world and it needs to be experienced in the purest way possible. There’s nothing else like sitting next to a fire in the bush and sleeping under the stars.

    The Best Places to Stay in Australia

    Not sure where to stay in Australia? Here are a few of my top recommendations!

    Where to stay in Australia
    DestinationWhy visit?Best HostelTop Airbnb
    AdelaideThe gateway to the outback and the capital city of South AustraliaSunny’s Adelaide Backpackers HostelStudio with a Pool
    Alice SpringsThe home to to iconic Ayres Rock and the gateway to outback adventuresAlice Springs YHARiverside apartment in Alice Springs
    BrisbaneAn underrated city on the Gold Coast and a great place for Barrier Reef exploration.Brisbane QuartersCentrally Located Modern Apartment
    Byron BayThe most iconic beach in Australia and great for surfing.Wake Up! Byron BayBright Apartment near Byron Bay
    DarwinThe capital of the Northern Territory and a cool hippy city with a beach.Youth Shack BackpackersCity Apartment on The Esplanade
    ExmouthA beach resort town with fabulous beaches and plenty of marine life.YHA Potshot ResortEntire Home in Exmouth
    Fraser IslandA remote, uninhabited island with lots of marine life.Villa with Spa
    MelbourneThe capital of Victoria and a vibrant city with a cool art scene.Selina Central MelbourneTower apartment with insane city views.
    PerthA chill city with a relaxed vibe and beaches and national parks nearby.Hostel G PerthBright and Modern Apartment
    SydneyThe glitsy capital of Australia and home to the iconic Syndey Opera HouseWake Up! Sydney CentralArtsy Apartment in Boho area
    TownsvilleThe halfway point when exploring the East Coast and a great place for diving.Civic Guest House Backpackers HostelBeachfront Studio
    TasmaniaThe gateway to Tasmania’s incredible nature spots and wildlife.Hobart Central YHARemote cabin near nature
    BroomeHome to the iconic Cable Beach and incredible surf spots.Cable Beach BackpackersCottage by the sea
    Kangaroo Island and Yorke PeninsulaThe best place to visit for wildlife. It’s home to native species such as sea lions, koalas and penguins.KI Dragonfly GuesthouseStudio in Brewery Production Shed
    CanberraThe capital city of Australia and also known as the ‘Bush Capital’ as it’s surrounded by wildlife and nature.Canberra City YHACentrally Located 1BR Apartment

    Australia Backpacking Costs

    Traveling to Australia on a budget is doable if you know a couple of frugal tricks. If you can stick to a regiment, a comfortable backpacker budget in Australia should be around $60-$80 per day. Doing so means sticking to hostels, cooking at home, and drinking goon, among other things.

    A bunk bed will cost between $15-$30 per night depending on where you are. More popular destinations, like Melbourne and Sydney, will be more expensive while most of Queensland and parts of Western Australia will be cheaper.

    Australian restaurants are usually pretty expensive with the average meal costing around $10-$25. I strongly advise those that are backpacking around Australia to limit how much they dine out – the food is overpriced and, quite often, bland. Much better to buy cheaper groceries and cook at the hostel.

    Australian Beer
    Save money on booze, grab a few beers from the store and drink on the beach!

    Partying is EXTREMELY expensive in Australia. Seriously, there’s a reason Australians do all the drugs when they travel: they’re too fucking expensive back home. Cigarette prices are ridiculous and a beer is $7AUD minimum. If you must drink, buy the cheap and ubiquitous boxed wines aka goon – these will be your only saving grace.

    If you plan on participating in any of the classic Australian adventures, like diving at the Great Barrier Reef or sailing in the Whitsunday Islands, you will definitely be paying a pretty penny. The only thing to do is just save up as much as possible and then pick one or two of your favorites to participate in.

    A Daily Budget in Australia

    So, how much is Australia going to set you back? Here’s a rough estimate…

    ExpenseBroke BackpackerFrugal TravelerCreature of Comfort
    Nightlife Delights$10-$20$20-$30$35+
    Total per day:$33-$84$85-$135$165+

    Money in Australia

    The official currency of Australia is the Australian dollar or AUD. As of April 2022, the official conversion rate for the Australian dollar is 1 AUD=0.71 USD. The value of the Australian dollar has fallen in recent years due to economic changes but the country is still prosperous and expensive by international standards.

    ATMs are widely available and pulling out cash via a foreign card is an effortless affair. Most ATMs will charge a withdrawal fee on top of whatever international charges your bank imposes. Best to take out lots of cash at once to avoid paying too much in fees.

    Australian money
    Be careful with all that dollar!

    Should you be working in Australia, it’s very easy to set up a bank account. All of the major banking corporations – Commonwealth, Westpac, NAB, ANZ – have basic savings accounts that are very convenient and easy to use for those who are on a working holiday in Australia.

    Drop by any bank and inquire about how to start your account.

    If you had a job while backpacking Australia, definitely make sure to do your taxes at the end of the fiscal year! Backpackers are usually entitled to a huge tax return (for reasons that are hard to explain) and it would be a real shame to walk away from a big payday!

    Travel Tips – Australia on a Budget

    Australia is a country that can really eat into your wallet if you’re not careful, so make sure to follow these money saving travel tips to keep costs down and enjoyment levels up!

    • Camp: With plenty of gorgeous places to camp, Australia can be a great place to camp in rural areas. You can also ask to pitch a tent in people’s yards. Check out this post for a breakdown of the best tents to take backpacking.  If you’re feeling really adventurous and want to save some cash, consider picking up a backpacking hammock.
    • Cook your own food: If you are on a tight budget, you can save money by cooking your own food – I recommend bringing a portable backpacking stove.
    • Book your transportation early: Both plane and train tickets are much cheaper if you purchase them in advance. This rule does not apply to buses, which you can often book within the day or even an hour.
    • Couchsurf: Australians are awesome, but I would be cautious if you are a woman travelling alone. Check for reviews. That being said, Couch surfing to make some real friendships and see this country from the perspective of locals.
    • Pack a travel water bottle: Save money – and the planet – every day!
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    Why You Should Travel to Australia with a Water Bottle

    Plastic washes up on Australia’s most pristine beaches… so do your part and keep the Big Blue beautiful

    You aren’t going to save the world overnight, but you might as well be part of the solution and not the problem. When you travel to some of the world’s most remote places, you come to realise the full extent of the plastic problem. And I hope you become more inspired to continue being a responsible traveller.

    Plus, now you won’t be buying overpriced bottles of water from the supermarkets either! Travel with a filtered water bottle instead and never waste a cent nor a turtle’s life again.

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    Best Time to Travel to Australia

    Australia has two distinct climate zones: a tropical one in the north and a more temperate one in the south. There are several microclimates found in each of these zones but, broadly speaking, they are still subject to the same sort of seasons.

    Note that because Australia is in the southern hemisphere, its summers are from December-February and its winters are June-August.

    The south of Australia – composed of NSW, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, and (south)Western Australia – has a more temperate climate and usually has four seasons. In some places, like Perth and Sydney, these seasons can appear very similar to one another as the weather is pleasant year-round.

    In other areas, like Melbourne or Tasmania, the weather is more unpredictable and even harsh at times, especially in the mountains. Melbourne famously gets “four seasons in one day.”

    The north of Australia, including Queensland, Australia’s Northern Territory, and (north) Western Australia tropical and only has two distinct seasons: hot, wet summer and cool, dry winter.

    The Daintree Forest
    The Daintree can be impregnable in the wet season.

    Australian summers – referred to as the big wet – can be oppressively hot and some places can receive biblical amounts of rainfall. The deadly box jellyfish also comes closer ashore in the summer resulting in near-complete beach closures.

    Summer really isn’t a good time to visit the north of Australia. It’s much better to visit in the winter – referred to as the big dry – when it’s slightly cooler, drier, and devoid of deadly jellies.

    Since the north is almost always visited in the winter, demand is very high during this time. Prices will be much higher because of the short supply so be sure to keep this in mind before finalizing your itinerary.

    What to Pack for Australia

    If you’re not careful, Australia’s wilderness will smack ya to next Monday. Get your packing for Australia right! On every adventure, there are six things I never go traveling without:

    Somewhere to hide your cash
    Pacsafe belt
    Somewhere to hide your cash

    Travel Security Belt

    This is a regular looking belt with a concealed pocket on the inside – you can hide up to twenty notes inside and wear it through airport scanners without it setting them off.

    A travel water bottle
    Grayl Geopress Water Purifier Bottle
    A travel water bottle

    GRAYL Geopress Filtered Bottle

    Having a filtered water bottle means you can drink from just about any source. The GRAYL Geopress is hands-down the most effective one we’ve ever used as well!

    For those unexpected messes
    Matador Ultralight Travel Towel
    For those unexpected messes

    Microfiber Towel

    Hostel towels are scummy and take forever to dry. Microfibre towels dry quickly, are compact, lightweight, and can be used as a blanket or yoga mat if need be.

    When the power goes out
    Gifts for backpackers
    When the power goes out

    Petzl Actik Core Headlamp

    A decent head torch could save your life. If you want to explore caves, unlit temples, or simply find your way to the bathroom during a blackout, a headtorch is a must.

    Sleep anywhere
    Sea to Summit Pro Hammock Set
    Sleep anywhere

    Camping Hammock

    Taking a tent backpacking is not always practical but hammocks are lightweight, cheap, strong, sexy (chicks dig hammocks), and allow you to pitch up for the night pretty much anywhere.

    To stay a clean backpacker
    Nomatic Toiletry Bag Open
    To stay a clean backpacker

    Hanging Toiletry Bag

    I always travel with a hanging toiletry bag as it’s a super-efficient way to organize your bathroom stuff. Well worth having as it helps to have quick access to all your stuff.

    Staying Safe in Australia

    kangaroo in australia
    More dangerous than they look…

    Australia has a nasty reputation for being full of deadly creatures that are out to get you at every turn. Killer snakes, spiders, crocodiles, jellyfish, hell even the kangaroos can really ruin your day here.

    It’s important to remember though that death at the hands of these animals is usually very sensationalized and that statistics don’t back up any sort of hysteria.

    Believe it or not, the common bee and wasp, not spiders, are actually the number one killers in Australia. The truth is this: Australia and its wildlife aren’t nearly as terrifying as one might think it is.

    That being said, it is extremely important to take all cautionary advice and notices with the utmost seriousness. If a sign or a local says that an area is dangerous, either because of sharks or crocs or whatever, then, for fuck’s sake, listen to them!

    Australians have become day-to-day experts on what can kill you and how to avoid it. At the end of the day, just follow this easy advice: if you don’t see any Australians doing it, then don’t do it yourself.

    The elements should probably be your biggest concern while backpacking in Australia. Drowning is perhaps the #1 cause of death in Australia as the ocean currents can be very strong.

    The water may seem calm but, get caught in a wild rip, and you can quickly get submerged or pushed out to sea. Swim in designated areas and check signs for ocean conditions.

    As mentioned before, heat is a major problem in Australia. Temperatures can soar to unthinkable heights and atmospheric radiation is a serious threat here. Forest fires caused by dry conditions are a serious problem as well, but usually only occur in the backcountry.

    Sex, Drugs, and Rock ‘n’ Roll in Australia

    Australians love to party; a lot. At least once, we’ve all that group of Australians who were constantly getting drunk and looking to score. Some observers may have even thought to themselves: “how the hell are they still doing this?” or “for what possible reason would you do that?” Well, there is one, I assure you.

    Drugs and alcohol in Australia are astronomically expensive. On average, a pint of beer is $7-$8 and a spirit is a couple of bucks more maybe. Cigarettes cost somewhere in the late teens; and don’t even get me started on the drugs.

    These ridiculous prices are why you see Australians partying all the time outside of their country: everything is just so much cheaper abroad and so they go crazy.

    Australia is one of the best countries in the world for a party!

    Prices are damned though, Australians still like to have a good time in their native land. Many go out in groups and buy rounds or shouts for one another.

    If you plan on drinking with the locals while backpacking Australia, it’s very important to keep up with the shouts. Drinking a beer that someone has bought for you and not contributing to the shout is a dick move.

    Be careful when drinking and driving as well. Australia has a zero-tolerance policy when it comes to drunk driving and any BAC over 0.05% will be met with harsh punishment. Random checkpoints are commonly set up at all times of the day to pull over drivers and check their sobriety.

    Get Insured BEFORE Visiting Australia

    Traveling without insurance would be risky so do consider getting good backpacker insurance sorted before you head off on an adventure.

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    How to Get Into Australia

    Getting to and around Australia can be a long and arduous affair. Traveling to Australia from the USA is a 13-hour plane ride and it seems that every Australian city is at least 8 hours drive away from each other – Perth to Adelaide is a 1.5-day journey by car.

    Should you decide to travel to Australia, you’ll be staring at the back of the seat or an empty road very often but the moments in between make the whole trip worthwhile.

    Australia Great Barrier Reef Queensland
    You’re almost there…

    Entry Requirements for Australia

    There are several different types of tourist visas available to those who wish to go backpacking in Australia. The three primary tourist visa types are:

    1. Visitor visa (subclass 600)
    2. Electronic Travel Authority Visa (ETA) (subclass 601)
    3. eVisitor (subclass 651)

    The 601 and 651 visas essentially function in the same way albeit with different application processes. The 600 is for those who want to stay in Australia for longer than 3 months at a time and for those who don’t qualify for either a 601 or 651. The grand majority of nationalities can apply for all of these visas online.

    The ETA (601) and eVisitors (651) are the simplest and easiest visas to acquire. Both enable unlimited entries into Australia within the span of a year – the duration of stay cannot exceed 3 months at a time.

    Great! Now, put me on that plane to Australia!

    The biggest difference between these two types of visas is that they are only available to specific countries. Americans and Canadians, in addition to several other nations, must apply for an ETA. British, as well as most European citizens, must apply for an eVisitors visa.

    The Visitor visa (600) is the most expensive of Australian visas but can grant the most time. Applicants can apply for a 3, 6, or 12-month duration at rates that vary from AUD140 to AUD1020. For any nation that doesn’t qualify for a 601 or 651, the 600 visa is the only means of entering Australia.

    If you’re thinking of doing a working holiday in Australia, you’ll need to apply for a 462 or subclass 417 visa.

    Upon arriving at customs, your visa will be checked and you’ll be subject to search. Australian customs takes declared items very seriously so you must be sure to do so. Also, note that criminal offenses and felonies may bar you from entering the country.

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    How to Get Around Australia

    There are two ways of traveling in Australia and both offer widely different experiences. The first is by public transport i.e buses, trains, and planes and the other is with your own vehicle in the form of a rental car or campervan. The latter option is the vastly superior method.

    Using public transport to travel outside and in between the major cities can be a tedious affair. Traveling by bus can be convenient and cheap so long as you’re staying on the East Coast where there are frequent stops.

    Bus travel in the bush, which pretty much includes all of South Australia, Australia’s Northern Territory, and Western Australia, can be long and, in turn, pricey.

    jeep in the outback australia
    Definitely needed the 4×4.
    Photo: NeilsPhotography (Flickr)

    Greyhound does offer hop-on-hop-off travel passes that can certainly be convenient. Check the rates at the official website and weigh the pros and cons of purchasing a pass.

    Train travel is possible but this is a more luxurious form of travel i.e. more expensive. Taking the train in Australia is an experience in itself though and some long-distance routes, like the Ghan, can be very rewarding.

    Flying is the primary means of getting around Australia due in part to the country’s size. Flights are relatively cheap and actually quite convenient.

    Traveling by hitchhiking is a common practice in Australia. Make sure to follow the usual rules of the trade though and, as always, use common sense. Be wary of hitchhiking in the Outback – cars may be far and few in between and you could be in real trouble if you’re stuck out there in the baking sun.

    Traveling by Campervan in Australia

    By far the best way to get around Australia is by having your own vehicle. There are many car rental companies in Australia that offer long-term contracts. Each has a wide variety of vehicle types from sedans to 4x4s to campervans.

    Campervans are definitely the most popular way of getting around Australia as they provide both transport and lodging at the same time. Living out of a campervan can be convenient, fun, and cheaper than conventional travel. By having the ability to sleep anywhere you want, you’ll save money and get more out of your Australian adventure.

    Thanks to the plethora of rental companies available, it’s a breeze to hire a campervan while backpacking Australia. Most offer good rates, especially for longer periods of time.

    Your home for the next several months.

    I recommend going with Wicked Campers if you plan on renting a campervan in Australia. Make sure to check the contract though – many rental companies impose certain restrictions on going offroading and over a certain amount of miles per day and charge extra fees for not following these parameters.

    If you plan on staying in Australia for a long time (more than 6 months) try buying your own campervan. Doing this will allow you more flexibility and, if you took care of the car, the chance to sell it when you’re done. You can find ads for used campers in many hostels and on online boards like gumtree.com.au.

    When buying a camper, be sure to take the vehicle to the shop to get it checked before actually committing. Most auto shops are used to this kind of request and will charge a competitive fee.

    Onwards Travel from Australia

    Being the world’s largest island and a continent that consists of a single nation, there are not too many ways to get out of the country by land or sea. Luckily, Australia benefits from some very, very cheap international airline routes.

    You can continue your backpacking journey in Oceania, but the cheapest and most convenient flights out of Australia are usually bound for Asian destinations. Budget Asian airlines, like AirAsia, in addition to Australia’s own budget airlines – Jetstar and Tiger – make traveling to Asia a breeze.

    From any of the major Australian cities, and for as low as $100 sometimes, you can carry on your backpacking adventure in the likes of Indonesia, Japan, India, the Philippines, and even Pakistan! Seriously, you can get just about anywhere in Asia from Australia and for a great price.

    pakistan fairy meadows
    How about a dose of some real mountains in Pakistan after Australia?

    Since AirAsia is so ridiculously cheap and popular, you’ll most likely end up connecting in its place of origin: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Malaysia is a pretty cool spot and backpacking around the peninsula or on the island of Borneo is definitely worth trying.

    Otherwise, you can get just about anywhere from Kuala Lumpur. If you aren’t connecting in KL, then you’ll most likely end up in Bangkok, Thailand, which certainly has its own reputation.

    Asia aside, you can, of course, head across the Tasman to start backpacking in New Zealand. Backpacking around New Zealand is a very similar experience to Australia in that you’ll be paying the same prices and most likely living out of a campervan.

    Unlike Australia though, New Zealand has a wildly diverse geography and is much more temperate, both in terms of climate and native personality.

    If you really want to go somewhere different, why not consider the Soloman Islands?!

    Backpacker Work in Australia

    As a popular gap year destination, most backpackers need to earn a bit of money to continue their travels. They usually end up with fruit picking jobs in Australia.

    The work can be hard and life can be boring at times but the cost of living is quite low and those with a 417 visa will earn an extra year on their visa. If you can manage it, this is one of the best ways to have a working holiday in Australia!

    Backpackers are so established in the fruit picking industry and businessmen are in turn so reliant upon them that it’s usually very easy to find a job. There are dozens of online boards with postings for farm jobs in Australia. Some popular websites are:

    When you arrive at your farmstay, you’ll probably be surprised. Many of these farms look like hostels complete with bunk rooms, communal areas, and recreations.

    You’ll have to pay for a bed but the prices are very cheap. Sometimes you may have to sleep off-premises, in which case a car really comes in handy; otherwise, there’s always the bus.

    You can make a decent living working on a farm. Most clear $600/week on average but a hard worker can definitely make more. Make no mistake though: this is difficult work. Farming in Australia isn’t pretty but it can certainly be rewarding. You’ll become quite close to both the land and to your fellow working backpackers.

    Farm work isn’t the only means of making money in Australia. Some of the best jobs for a working visa in Australia include serving, nannying, cooking, and cleaning. If you’re really lucky, you may even find a job in mining. If you decide to work in the city, know that the costs of living will be much higher.

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    Working Holiday Visas in Australia

    Several nationalities have the option of applying for an Australian working holiday visa, which authorizes travelers to work legally in the country. This visa is an amazing opportunity for anyone who wants to stay and go backpacking in Australia for a longer-term.

    There are two types of working holiday visas in Australia:

    1. A Working Holiday visa (subclass 417)
    2. A Work and Holiday visa (subclass 462)

    (If you’re thinking to yourself how stupidly similar these visa titles are, I’m right there with ya.)

    An kangaroo flexing over his disdain for Australian working visas
    Dealing with Ozzie bureaucracy be like, “Bring it on, bruz. I’ll nek ya, mate.”

    Both visas entitle visitors to the ability to work in Australia for a period of 12 months. Note that the possessor of a 417 or 462 can only hold a single job for a period of 6 months. Certain countries can only apply for a 417 or 462 i.e. the English can qualify for a 417 but Americans must apply for a 462.

    To apply for either visa, applicants will need to show that they have at least AUD 5,000 in their bank account. Both visas will also require a bill of clean health and a clean criminal record.

    Applicants for a 462 visa will need to provide some key additional details. With the exception of the United States, those applying for a 462 must provide a letter of support from their government.

    462 applicants will also have to pass a character test in which they’ll need to prove that they’re of good moral quality. Usually, a certificate of excellence, like a diploma or special certification, will suffice for this.

    The most important difference between a 417 and 462 is that possessors of the former can apply for a second year visa given they’ve met some criteria. Unfortunately, American citizens and other 462 applicants can only have a working holiday in Australia for up to a year.

    If you’re finding all of this a bit complicated, Global Work and Travel may be able to alleviate some of the VISA complications for you. They offer working holidays and internship opportunities in many locations throughout Australia, both of which require the working holiday VISA.

    In fact, they’ll support you throughout the entire process; from VISA guidance to finding you the perfect placement. You’ve got to be between the ages of 18 to 35 though…apologies if this isn’t you!

    Volunteering in Australia

    backpacker picking strawberries in australia
    High ho, High ho, it’s off to work I go!

    Australia is volunteering gold – there are lots of different volunteer projects you can join whether it be teaching, animal care, agriculture, hospitality, tourism, or pretty much anything!

    For finding gigs, you have several options:

    1. Workaway is crazy popular!
    2. Or WWOOF Australia is perfect for anyone interested in working on the land. Organic farms and permaculture are their wheelhouse!
    3. Most alternative sites to Workaway will have oodles of options.

    And of those alternatives, I have one favorite at The Broke Backpacker: Worldpackers!

    Worldpackers like to put the focus on community. They connect you with meaningful volunteering opportunities that really help you feel like your contributing to local communities. PLUS their platform comes loaded with nifty features for connecting volunteers too!

    And for an extra saucy bonus on top, Broke Backpacker readers get a special discount of $10 – 20% of the annual signup fee!

    Just use the discount code BROKEBACKPACKER at checkout or follow the button below and your membership is discounted from $49 a year to only $39. Make Down Under your stomping ground. 😉

    Worldpackers: connecting travellers with meaningful travel experiences.

    Culture in Australia

    Australians are some of the most welcoming, exciting, and unabashed people that I’ve ever met. They have so few worries and give so little fucks that life just seems easier in their presence.

    Even immediate dangers, like an impending tidal wave or the jaws of a killer croc, are made insignificant by an Australian’s devil-may-care attitude. 100%, these are some of the coolest people that I’ve come across in my travels.

    It can be argued that the Australian attitude derives from their inhospitable environment. An Australian is threatened on a near day-to-day basis either from deadly creatures, ridiculous climate patterns or from people that constantly need to remind them of these last two points. After a while, danger itself just becomes commonplace and desensitizing.

    The fact that Australia is so geographically remote as well means that hardly any international presence notices or really holds Australia accountable. Combine this with the Australian’s grit and you have a people that just do whatever makes them feel good.

    australians by the pier
    Australians are quite fond the ocean.

    To be fair, Australians who live in their home country are a little different from the ones that you see traveling so much. Rooted Australians are still hard workers and seemingly proficient at any trade involving blue-collar work.

    The country didn’t become so prosperous and the people so rich because they constantly didn’t give a shit; so let’s not go so far as to say that they are good-for-nothings.

    We mustn’t forget either that Australia is inhabited by more than just White people and immigrants. Aboriginal people, the original Australians, are also present in modern Australian society, though to a smaller degree.

    Odds are you won’t encounter many Aboriginal folks while backpacking through Australia; if you do though, just be respectful, open, and treat them the same as any other Ozzie.

    Useful Travel Phrases for Australia: “That’s Not a Knife” Edition

    The Australian accent is infamous by now and has been the subject of a million pop culture references. When asked to impersonate an Australian accent, most foreigners emulate caricatures like Crocodile Dundee or Steve Irwin.

    Hate to break it to you, but the way in which many of these icons speak is either over-exaggerated or very demographically specific. Not every Australian yells “G’DAY MATE!” or puts so much twang into their voice when saying things like “like” or “right” or “fight.” These are cultural stereotypes and pretty unfair.

    Australians use a lot of slang; so much so that sometimes it can be hard to understand them. You’ll catch on to the colloquialisms fairly quickly but, for a little extra help, I’ve included a list of some popular Australian slang.

    • Ta – thank you
    • Arvo – afternoon
    • Bottle-O – liquor store
    • Mozzie – mosquito
    • Servo – petrol station/gas station
    • Ute – pickup truck
    • Bathers – swimsuit
    • Sheila – woman
    • Chunder – vomit
    • She’ll Be Right – everything will be fine
    • Stubby – can of beer
    • How ya goin? – a friendly greeting

    What to Eat in Australia

    Australian cuisine is heavily influenced by its colonial roots. English, Italian, Asian, and Greek styles are all present in modern-day Australian cooking to varying degrees.

    Being a colony of the British Empire first and foremost, Australian cuisine resembles most that of the English variety. Many staples like fish ‘n’ chips and meat pies are present in both. When dining out in Australia, expect a similar experience as if you were dining out in the UK. Australian food will be hearty, heavy, and, at times, somewhat basic.

    vegemite australia
    You’ll soon get to know vegemite very well.
    Photo: Vintuitive (Flickr)

    Being a nation of immigrants though, there is plenty more than the usual English fair. Asian cuisines of every shade are present in Australia and are actually some of the best you’ll outside of the Asian continent.

    Several Mediterranean cultures call Australia home as well and have brought their cuisines with them. Thank the Italians for introducing a strong cafe culture in Australia – coffee in Australia is surprisingly delicious and taken seriously.

    Barbecuing is a very important custom in Australia and is perhaps the highlight of the nation’s culinary scene. Aside from the usual BBQ’d meats, Australians also enjoy the various grilled game. Kangaroo is healthy and cheap. Other more exotic meats like emu, alligator, and even grubs are available in specialty markets.

    Popular Australian Dishes

    Below is a list of Australia’s most popular dishes.

    • Meat Pie – ubiquitous pastries w/ various meats
    • Chicken Schnitzel – breaded fried chicken w/ toppings
    • Kangaroo – very lean red meat
    • Vegemite – a rite of passage – no spoilers
    • Pavlova – light dessert that is sweet and zesty
    • Anzac Biscuits – hardy cookies w/ simple ingredients
    • Lamingtons – cake coated w/ chocolate and coconut
    • Tim Tams – chocolate biscuits
    • Barramundi – bass-like fish
    • Emu – lean red poultry

    A Brief History of Australia

    Aboriginal Australians arrived on Australia’s mainland between 40,000 and 70,000 years ago. Their traditions relating to music, art, and spirituality are among the longest surviving in human history. Before the arrival of the British, the number of Aboriginal people living in Australia was between 300,000 and 1 million.

    In 1770, Lieutenant James Cook claimed the land for Great Britain, after the Dutch first sighted Australia in 1606. In 1788, a fleet of 11 boats arrived in Botany Bay to establish New South Wales as a Penal Colony.

    Furthermore, convicts were sent to all states, but South Australia became a free colony in 1836. More than 162,000 convicts were transported to Australia from Great Britain.

    Australia began to look like a desirable location after the discovery of gold and the kickstart to its economy. The Eureka Stockade at Ballarat, in 1854, was a rebellion against taxation. Some see this as a crucial event in the evolution of Australia’s democracy.

    Aboriginal_rock_art_on_the_Barnett_River,_Mount_Elizabeth_Station-Graeme Churchard-wikicommons
    Aboriginal peoples can tell stories from tens of thousands of years ago.
    Photo: Graeme Churchard (Flickr)

    Chinese immigration began during this period with 50,000 Chinese establishing roots in Australia.

    In 1901, a federation of all of the states, the Commonwealth of Australia was created. The creation of Canberra marked it as the capital city of New South Wales, with a temporary parliament in Melbourne.

    The Australian and New Zealand Anzac Corps took part in the World War I Gallipoli Campaign, in 1915. April 25, ANZAC Day, was the same date as the first landing at Gallipoli. Australians remember and pay their respects to the sacrifices of their armed forces on this day.

    After World War II and the Vietnam War, an influx of migrants moved to Australia. Between 1949-1974, The Snowy Mountains Scheme employed 100,000 people. 70% of these people were migrants from 30 different nations.

    Today, people from all over the world call Australia home. The continent has become known for its equality and lack of clear class distinctions.

    DON'T DIE OUT THERE! …Please 🙂
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    Some Unique Experiences in Australia

    No trip to Australia would be complete without taking on something new and exciting. If you’re tired of the usual tourist trail, consider checking out these unique experiences instead.

    Trekking in Australia

    Hiking, or bushwalking, is one of the most popular adventures in Australia! If you plan on going backpacking in Australia, you must go walking in the wilderness for a few days.

    Venturing out into the bush in Australia is like taking a walk through the nation’s history. Here is a forbidding land, full of harsh landscapes and bitter elements, the likes of which tested and tortured the original settlers.

    Should you decide to brave these wilds, you will gain real insight into the Australian identity. To enter the Australian backcountry you will also need to be prepared.

    hopetoun falls great otways australia
    It’s not all deserts and beaches.
    Photo: Faj2323 (WikiCommons)

    I always suggest getting a sturdy backpack as well, especially so if you intend to venture deep into the wilderness. You’ll want the best you can find and not something cheap that will eventually be held together by duck tape and carabiners.

    Below is a list of some of Australia’s best multi-day trails.

    • Australian Alps Track (45-60 days, 406 miles) – Long and arduous hike that is only meant for the experienced or guided. Passes through the highest mountains of Australia. Requires food drops.
    • Fraser Island Great Walk (5-7 days, 52 miles) – Walk across the entire length of Fraser Island, which is one of the most beautiful places in Australia.
    • Larapinta Trail (16-20 days, 140 miles) – The ultimate Outback adventure! Fairly new trail and already one of the best in the country.
    • Cape to Cape Track (6-8 days, 88 miles) – A stunning coastal walk that is conveniently located near Perth. Showcases some of the best scenery in the Margaret River region.
    • Overland Track (5-8 days, 46 miles) – A walk through the finest mountain landscapes in Tasmania. Arguably the best trek in Australia.

    Surfing in Australia

    Surfing is as much a part of the Australian identity as kangaroos or prawns on the barbie. Australia is extremely passionate when it comes to hanging ten and catching some waves.

    Obviously, surfing didn’t develop in Australia by chance either; Australia has some of the finest beaches for surfing in the entire world and these attract thousands of surfers every year. You may have heard of the famous Byron Bay and its legendary surfing spots.

    surfer hitting a barrel

    There are so many amazing surfing spots in Australia that it would seem more logical to note where you couldn’t actually surf. Everywhere you go there seems to be good breaks and swells.

    Of course, you won’t be surfing in the Sydney Harbour or at the Melbourne pier but travel less than an hour and, boom, you’ll be right in the middle of some prime waves.

    Below is a list of some of Australia’s top surfing locations. There’s a pretty diverse selection from all over the country. though the Northern Territory seems to be lacking in this regard.

    Where to Go SurfingLocationWhy Surf Here?!
    Sydney Northern BeachesNew South WalesSome of the best surf in NSW and still technically within the city of Sydney. Check out Manly and Palm Beaches.
    Central CoastNew South WalesVery popular surf spot in NSW. See Avalon and Copacabana Beaches.
    LennoxNew South WalesSmall village near Byron Bay. Surf has powerful right-hand breaks.
    Gold CoastQueenslandThey didn’t call this area “surfer’s paradise” for no reason. Definitely visit Snapper Rocks, Duranbah, and Burleigh Heads.
    Noosa HeadsQueenslandPopular among long boarders. Visit Tea Tree Bay and Granite Bay.
    Bells Beach, TorquayVictoriaSpiritual birthplace of Australian surfing.
    Victor HarborSouth AustraliaExcellent surf on the Fleurieu Peninsula. Check out Knights Beach and Waitpinga Beach.
    Rottnest IslandWestern AustraliaQuiet and low-key. Check out Strickland Bay, Salmon Bay and Stark Bay.
    Margaret RiverWestern AustraliaGreat surf for all surfer skill levels. Visit Cape Naturaliste, Yallingup Beach, and Smiths Beach.
    MarrawahTasmaniaBiggest waves in Tasmania.

    Diving in Australia

    Though the Great Barrier Reef on the East Coast receives the lion’s share of attention, there are plenty more options to go diving in Australia! Sprinkled throughout the Australian coastline are many gorgeous reefs, sunken ships, and sea caves that are just waiting to be explored.

    These destinations definitely get far fewer tourists than the Great Barrier Reef and far more diving enthusiasts.

    You could even charter your own yacht and go snorkeling in several places along the East Coast if you’re more into snorkelling than diving.

    If you’re really into diving, then definitely check out any one of these spots (that aren’t the Great Barrier)!

    Where to Go DivingLocationWhy Dive Here?!
    Julian RocksByron Bay, NSWFamed their rich diversity of maritime life.
    Fish RockSouth West Rocks, NSWBest sea cave for diving in Australia.
    SS YongalaTownsville, QueenslandEnormous wreck that has become of the world’s greatest artificial reefs.
    Osprey ReefFar north of QueenslandRenowned for its huge shark population.
    Piccaninnie PondsMount Gambier, South AustraliaCrystal-clear freshwater lake in South Australia.
    Ningaloo ReefExmouth-Coral Bay, Western AustraliaOne of the few places that can rival the Great Barrier Reef. Comes very close to the beach.

    Backpacking the Outback

    The Outback. The Bush. The Fuck-all Middle of Straya. The reason why most who want to go backpacking in Australia visit in the first place. Many have little clue though as to how large and how imposing this region actually is.

    Few actually comprehend the Outback’s size or its conditions. Though the exact number isn’t agreed upon, the Outback constitutes at least 70% of Australia’s landmass and is around 2-3 million square miles. The whole of India is 1.5 million square miles – that’s a lot of fuck-all!

    Water is extremely sparse in the Outback. Temperatures vary widely depending on the season and time of year, from sub-zero to over 110 Fahrenheit. People die out here from exposure all the time. If you plan to venture out into the desert, you must be prepared.

    Waterfalls in the Outback.

    The Outback isn’t a singular destination that you just include in an itinerary – it’s a collection of several desert regions that form an unfathomably large ecosystem. You can visit parts of the Outback but there’s no way that you could visit the whole thing; there are huge swathes of the Outback that haven’t even been charted yet.

    A few of the Outback’s top destinations have already been covered in this guide, like Alice Springs, the Kimberly, and the Nullarbor Plain. This section is for outlining some of the last remaining portions of the Outback that are relatively accessible.

    These places are, of course, minuscule in the grand scheme of things. By referring to the table below though, you may get some good ideas about where and how to properly experience the epic and humbling Outback.

    Joining an Organized Tour in Australia

    For most countries, Australia included, solo travel is the name of the game. That said, if you are short on time, energy, or just want to be part of an awesome group of travelers, you can opt to join an organized tour.

    Joining a tour is a great way to see the majority of the country quickly and without the effort that goes into planning a backpacking trip. However—not all tour operators are created equal—that is for sure.

    G Adventures is a solid down-to-earth tour company catering to backpackers just like you, and their prices and itineraries reflect the interests of the backpacker crowd. You can score some pretty sweet deals on epic trips in Australia for a fraction of the price of what other tour operators charge.

    Check out some of their awesome itineraries for Australia here…

    FAQs About Backpacking Australia

    Here are what people usually ask me about backpacking in Australia…

    Final Advice Before Visiting Australia

    It would take a lot of effort to really piss off an Australian. Time after time, Australians just roll with the punches (quite literally sometimes) and then proceed to take a piss and forget about whatever may have had a chance of bothering them.

    That being said, it’s still important to act like a decent human being and to show respect. No one likes an asshole coming into their country and stirring shit up. Backpackers especially have been criticized because of their behavior and causing trouble. Let’s not be one of them and don’t be a dumbass.

    On a different note, be sure to tread lightly when it comes to interacting with Aboriginal Australians. They have been subject to unthinkable horrors in the past and are still treating the racial scars that are leftover. Though some White Australians still wallow in ignorance, Australia as a whole is trying to mend the gap.

    Should you encounter an Aboriginal Australian and they’re open to conversation, be very mindful of their customs and do your research on their terminology. Don’t take pictures or enter Aboriginal land without asking first. Be sure to speak using respectful language as well.

    Other than that, have fun! Australia is a huge and diverse country with so much to explore and enjoy. No matter who you are or what you’re into, you’ll have a blast down under.

    Bathers Beach in australia
    Beaches, deserts, mountains and everything in between awaits!

    Updated by Louisa Smith June 2022

    And for transparency’s sake, please know that some of the links in our content are affiliate links. That means that if you book your accommodation, buy your gear, or sort your insurance through our link, we earn a small commission (at no extra cost to you). That said, we only link to the gear we trust and never recommend services we don’t believe are up to scratch. Again, thank you!